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Innovation, innovation needs, expectations and opportunities, with a particular focus on European Union policy.


Innovation, innovation needs, expectations and opportunities, with a particular focus on European Union policy.

There are several possible subordinate conceptual definitions related to innovation as a concept. Thus, the concept itself can be the subject of analyzes and debates, that is to say, as a novelty at a given time, in time intervals, by what means can be identified and distinguished, how it fits into a particular trend line, or "early bird" - that is, precedes the environment of the given trend line . It can be examined whether it fits into a development path in the short or long term, or remains a separate case. Major categories can be set up, ie "big innovations" and "small novelties" which, however, can be important in a given period and environment. A special case when there are "ante portas" novelties and they are seemingly completely independent. Really great innovations are history-shaping, such as the invention of a wheel, the use of a steam engine, or informatics.

The process of producing / producing innovations can be investigated. It is possible to analyze the extent to which the philosophical category of innovations is "perverse" in quality. Otherwise, the decades of development of information technology are well characterized by the "punch". Milestones when the technical novelty was a huge boost in the field of use and generated further development: the design of the major machines themselves, the next is the emergence of personal computers, the simplification of data storage, and the solution of the digitization of different languages ​​to make society one of today's has become the most important mode of operation.

It is also possible to examine the nature of their propagation, although it was only interesting until the 1970s, since since then the nature and form of the propagation of knowledge has changed significantly, so how did the different, smaller - bigger novelties, the ways of acquiring knowledge and the way of it were spread in space .

Innovation, as a concept, can be subdivided into several subgroups: in part, it is a material, material-like novelty concept (here the technical novelties are typical), and novelties related to other forms of human activity. There are two typical subgroups of the latter. One is the novelties (such as financial novelties) related to the material, material manifestations of human activity, and the other is specifically to human needs and manifestations. I consider this a much wider category than usual. Areas such as serving novelties to meet the social needs of man, such as changes in the social system, novelties in it, or artistic novelties. They are not usually seen as innovations, for example, when the appearance and spread of artistic novelties is one of the most documented, analyzed areas, with small and large innovations, measurable spreads, and so on.

Another aspect is to examine the process itself as an innovation phenomenon. Simply put, the novelties come from either the theory to the "practice" (i.e., today's approach to translating, utilizing scientific research into practice, or vice versa), whether they are technical or social novelties. Material novelties can also affect human approaches: specifically, the appearance of new types of paints also transforms artistic expressions.

It is known that the invention of a wheel can be regarded as a history-shaping, but similarly, the invention and application of the steam engine are considered to be of such nature. Nowadays, the explosive development of information technology is considered to be a history-shaping force. These great, say, landmark-like innovations.

The driving force behind innovation is undoubtedly socio-economic progress, but it would be a one-sided thing, as it has been held in the past, only the development of productive forces, and especially of production tools, is crucial in the innovation process.

At the same time, however, a systematic activity, which is still characteristic of the phases of thought, should be regarded as a characteristic of the process itself. Often, long internal reflection precedes the creation of novelty, but at the same time, one should not underestimate human talent. Usually a specific human psyche can be detected among novices.

Nowadays, due to the size reasons of socio-economic processes, innovations, especially technical innovations, but also of social nature, are developing very systematically. The importance of "aha" innovations is diminishing and most of the novelties are the result of lengthy, systematic and massive work. We used to hear about a scientist who made his public discovery out of the bathtub, although he was thinking of the problem for years before he did a big jump. And in the production of real innovations, human talent has a decisive role, I think even today. Nowadays, human resource experts are scouting the ground to win a gifted human talent (coupled with perseverance, focus on task) in innovation. Large international innovation workshops work with an international team. Anyway, they all have Arabic or Middle Eastern, Far East and sometimes two Central or Eastern Europeans.

Otherwise, a few decades ago, most of the innovation itself, mainly from scientific research, was somewhat clamped on a kind of closed track: publications, literary history, and in the end, the question might be, but what did he want to say, is there something in it? , a stepping-up alternative, or just a kind of effort to advance on the scientific ranks.

In terms of current issues of innovation and its implications, in my opinion, Europe will be the weaver, workshop and testing ground, especially for historical and traditional reasons, primarily for social innovations in the future. An example of this is that, in the field of social innovations, there are already test runs that go beyond the workshops of the workshop. the basic income of the citizen. In terms of technical innovation, its role may be reduced, but I would not underestimate it. It is a shared experience that I believe that in Germany, a relatively large country with a large population, it has been successful in coordinating the production of energy from different sources. Without this, the efficient use of different types of (renewable, traditional) energy production would not be feasible. (nevertheless, we had to think about it if the wind was not blowing, the sun was not shining, the rivers drifted, then what should be). This is a great technical achievement for the future.

Although less important, but still a novelty, though it is a novum of a different nature, the Tour de France races the helicopter. This spectacle solution generated additional solutions: helicopter scenery, sightseeing, drone recordings, and new forms of visualization in art.

The question is how Hungarian reality fits into this process. Does the Hungarian economy have the ability to innovate, ie is able to get into this world-wide innovation process.

Historically, Hungary has been able to engage in socio-economic innovations in a follow-up manner, not lagging far behind the western countries, appearing in smaller or larger novelties, either in the technical or social spheres, but also finding its own solutions in the process. One of the reasons for this is that Germany, Switzerland, North Italy, and North America have been the main drivers of innovation. Undoubtedly, the peak period was during the Monarchy, when Hungarian engineers also brought technical solutions, or when they got back to power in the 1930s, but rather migrated to the cornfields (America, Germany), they were rather powerful, not even technical. but in the field of basic research.

This trend was broken by the 1950s, when "hard people" became more suspect, although they were formally desirable. Namely, large, mainly verbal forms of support were given to innovation workshops and scientific research, which meant a truly decreasing social reputation. At the same time, these acknowledgments were not always the driving force for real and real human talent. Through the appointment of innovators and scientists, by the early 1980s, Hungarian society and economy reached the position that hair growth agents and facial creams experimented with in spies were the manifestations of the novelties. The biggest Hungarian novelty in the world was the Rubik's Cube, which became the implementer of Hungarian talent and ideas without patent rights. In the scientific world, laurel wreaths became the fast readers: the winner who could read western resources faster.

The lesson can be drawn: it is not easy to advance with appointed scientists and appointed innovators. The situation has not changed: the distorted market economy of the Hungarian economy has not even given the "swung" to the Hungarian innovation. I don't know if there is a Hungarian patent office yet? Is it worth maintaining or just being open to museums? There is no trace of the much-mentioned Hungarian idea. It is possible to highlight two specific areas that the situation is not hopeless. My favorite is research into animal intelligence or research that explores the spread of a discontinued community portal. They are basic research. One of two IT applications came to world renown. The reality is that, in line with the great international trends, it is expected that only the Hungarian economy could become involved in some form of mass and systematic research. (pharmaceutical research, some phases of simpler automotive research - maybe).

Let's not forget the great Hungarian social innovation: lighting with mobile phones in demonstrations. Real world sensation. The French also got into this problem with green vest protests.